The concept of boundary is introduced by human beings. On the basis of rivers, mountains, seas, and oceans, every country is divided into different borders. The area of any country is counted by the space covered by land and water. The countries merge due to various reasons such as political and physical. It is also counted on the total number of human population.
A small country is very easy to manage in all aspects. The small countries have less population and pollution too which are good for citizens. The inflation rate is also low in small countries and they are good for living too. The Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World are as under.
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An island country near the Mediterranean Sea, Malta is on number 10. The total area of this country is approximately 122 sq. ml. Malta has only the human population below 450,000. It is basically an archipelago situated in the central part of Mediterranean Sea.
Malta has hot summers and mild winters. There are many beautiful tourist attractions in Malta such as historical sites and ancient structures. Malta has many sandy beaches and recreational spots.
The next on the list is the Maldives which is situated on the southern side of Asia. It is one of the smallest countries in the world with a human population of more than 427,000. As it is covered with the sea from all sides, Maldives has emerged as one of the best tourist destinations in the world. It has a monsoon climate.
The culture in the Maldives has much of Arabic influence. Fishing has remained a major source of income in the Maldives from last many decades. Maldives is the founding member of SAARC as well as a member of UN and the Non-Aligned Movement.
8 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest sovereign state in area and population in the Western Hemisphere. Europeans settled first here in the ancient period. The population in this country is only 54,821 and there is a good standard of living.
A large part of income in Saint Kitts and Nevis is generated from tourism, agriculture, and light manufacturing industries. There are many local festivals held each year for tourists. This country has good schools and health centers also.
7 Marshall Islands
The Marshall Islands is situated near to equator in the Pacific Ocean. It has a human population of only 53,158. There are 1,156 islands here. There are many marine animals found in these islands. For many years, these islands remained under the control of European power.
The climate here is both dry as well as wet for specific months. From last few years, the health centers have been made. There are fewer natural resources here and the majority of income is from agriculture. It has an area covering 181 sq. km and it is a 7th smallest nation of the globe.
Liechtenstein is situated in the western part of Switzerland and eastern part of Austria. It is a 4th smallest country in Europe. It has one of the highest GDP per person in the world. It is often known as winter sports destination due to the presence of many mountains. This country has many registered companies and industries.
The government takes active measures in the field of economy and taxation. The literacy rate in Liechtenstein is 100% and there are many high schools and universities for students. With an area covering 160 sq. km, Liechtenstein is one of the smallest countries in the world.
5 San Marino
The next on the list is San Marino which is located on the Italian Peninsula. It has a human population of only 33, 562 and the area covered by it are 61 sq. km. It is the oldest extant sovereign state. San Marino is one of the richest countries in the world when comes to GDP.
It has a stable economy and the majority of income in the country is generated from industry, finance, services, and tourism. The summers are warm here whereas the winters are cool and pleasant. It has rich musical culture and tradition.
Tuvalu is situated between Hawaii and Australia in the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the smallest countries in the globe with as area covering only 26 sq. km. The human population here is 10,640. The Polynesians were the first to settle here. Funafuti Island is a popular tourist attraction.
The cargo ships are specially arranged for travelers to view the beautiful islands. Tuvalu is basically a volcanic archipelago and there are 3 reef islands here, Nanumanga, Niutao, and Niulakita. It has both dry and wet climate of the year.
Nauru is situated in the central Pacific Ocean. It has an area covering only 21 sq. km. There are 11,347 residents in this country. The people from Micronesia and Polynesia came in 1000 BC to settle here. There are numerous phosphate rock deposits.
As it is near to equator and ocean, the climate in Nauru is normally hot and humid in the whole year. There are about 60 plant species. This country suffers a high unemployment rate due to the declining phosphate resources.
The next is Monaco which is located in Western Europe. It is surrounded by France on three sides. This country covers an area of just 2 sq. km and has a population of 38,400. It is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
It is a big banking center and many laws have been made by the government for income tax. Monaco has a hot climate. It has some museums where a collection of vintage cars and others articles are kept.
1 Vatican City
Vatican City has an area of just 0.44 km with a population of 1000. It has the smallest area and population in the whole globe. There are some cultural sites and museums for tourists. It has a hot climate due to the Mediterranean Sea near to it. Vatican City has advanced transportation system.
These countries have less population and as a result, the rate of pollution is also low here making a better quality of life for citizens.