All you need to know about new NOC law | Expat workers do not need a No Objection Certificate to change jobs in Qatar
According to a recent press release from the Ministry of Administrative Development, Labour and Social Affairs (MADLSA) and the Government Communications Office (GCO), expat workers / migrant workers do not need a No Objection Certificate to change jobs in Qatar. Also as a part of labour reform programme it has taken a major step by introducing a non-discriminatory minimum wage for employees.
As of today, expats who wish to change their jobs in Qatar must get a No objection certificate from the current employer / sponsor to switch jobs. Currently this is in place under Qatar’s “kafala” (Arabic word for sponsorship) system.
Hailing the decision of the Qatar government, The International Labour Organisation in Qatar also published a press release on this new law.
This law will come into effect immediately upon its publication in the Official Gazette.
What is a No Objection Certificate (NOC)?
The No Objection Certificate or NOC in short is a certificate or clearance letter a employee should get from his previous employer stating that they do not have any objection to change job at another company. This allow employee to find a new job and a new sponsor without any obligations towards previous employers.
In 2019, a legislation was approved by the Council of Ministers of Qatar allowing workers to change employers as they wish. But workers in Qatar had previously required an NOC from their employer in order to do so.
Qatar has announced remarkable reforms on Kafala system and new law which allows employers to change jobs without No Objection Certificate is a step towards upholding the rights of expats workers.
From when this new law will come into effect?
As of today, no information on the date this law will come into effect. Immediately upon publication in the official Gazette this law that no longer require NOCs will come to effect.
What will be the procedure to terminate a contract once without No Objection certificates?
- Employees do not need NOC to change jobs as it is eliminated
- With a minimum notice period in place both Employers and Employees will be able to terminate contracts (both fixed contract or open ended contract)
- Employer must provide at least 1 month written notice if they have worked with company for less than years and if they worked with the employer for more than 2 years then a notice period of 2 months is must
- Terminating contract without notice period by either employer or employee will obligate the other party to pay a compensation equal to the basic wage for the notice period
Who will be benefited by this new law removing the need of NOC?
This will give freedom to employees to change their jobs without no objection certificate from employee.
Press Release from International Labour Organization (ILO)
Dismantling the kafala system and introducing a minimum wage mark new era for Qatar labour market
Greater freedom to change jobs, combined with a non-discriminatory minimum wage, will benefit employers and workers alike
Press release | 30 August 2020
DOHA (ILO News) – In a historic move, the State of Qatar has introduced major changes to its labour market, ending the requirement for migrant workers to obtain their employer’s permission to change jobs, while also becoming the first country in the region to adopt a non-discriminatory minimum wage.
Following the adoption on 30 August 2020 of Law No. 18 of 2020, migrant workers can now change jobs before the end of their contract without first having to obtain a No Objection Certificate (NOC) from their employer. This new law, coupled with the removal of exit permit requirements earlier in the year, effectively dismantles the “kafala” sponsorship system and marks the beginning of a new era for the Qatari labour market.
Additional legislation, Law No. 17 of 2020, adopted today also establishes a minimum wage of 1,000 Qatari riyals (QAR) which will enter into force six months after the law’s publication in the Official Gazette. The new minimum wage will apply to all workers, of all nationalities and in all sectors, including domestic workers. In addition to the basic minimum wage, employers must ensure that workers have decent accommodation and food. The legislation also stipulates that employers pay allowances of at least QAR 300 and QAR 500 to cover costs of food and housing respectively, if they do not provide workers with these directly – a move that will help ensure decent living standards for workers.
The adoption of these laws supports the transition towards a more skilled and productive workforce, which is a key goal in Qatar’s National Vision 2030 . It will also help promote economic recovery from the fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic , as well as the growth of the economy over the longer term.
By introducing these significant changes, Qatar has delivered on a commitment. One that will give workers more freedom and protection, and employers more choice. We are witnessing what can be achieved when governments, workers and employers work together with the ILO to promote decent work for all” | Guy Ryder, ILO Director-General
In addition to removing the need to obtain an NOC, the adoption of Law No. 19 of 2020 provides greater clarity regarding termination of employment. To terminate an employment contract and change jobs, workers must provide at least one month’s written notice if they have worked with the employer for two years or less, or two months’ notice if they have worked with the employer for over two years.
Minister of Administrative Development, Labour & Social Affairs Yousuf Mohamed Al Othman Fakhroo said, “The State of Qatar is committed to creating a modern and dynamic labour market. In line with Qatar Vision 2030, these new laws mark a major milestone in this journey and will benefit workers, employers and the nation alike.”
Increased labour mobility is expected to provide numerous benefits to Qatar as it transitions towards a knowledge-based economy. Employers will be able to hire experienced staff locally instead of from overseas, thus greatly reducing recruitment costs. Enhanced mobility will also generate more job opportunities and increase job satisfaction for workers.
The introduction of a non-discriminatory minimum wage should directly affect around 400,000 workers in the private sector, and, through higher remittances, will improve the lives of millions of family members in the workers’ countries of origin. To ensure compliance with the minimum wage, the government is enhancing detection of violations, enacting swifter penalties and further strengthening the capacity of inspectors.
Sharan Burrow, General Secretary of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) said, “This is very good news for migrant workers in Qatar. The leadership shown by Qatar in dismantling the kafala system and introducing a minimum wage is long-awaited news for all workers. The ITUC stands ready to support the Government of Qatar in the implementation of this historic move, to ensure all workers are aware of the new rules and benefit from them. Other countries in the region should follow Qatar’s example.”
Roberto Suárez Santos Secretary-General of the International Organisation of Employers (IOE) said, “These reforms will make a major contribution to the efficiency and productivity of the Qatar labour market. IOE stands ready to support the Qatar Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Government in supporting employers during this transition. Our congratulations to Qatar and its Chamber of Commerce!”
The ILO has worked closely with Ministry of Administrative Development, Labour & Social Affairs and with employers’ and workers’ organizations to support the adoption and enhancement of laws, policies and procedures relating to labour market mobility and the new minimum wage in Qatar. Further support will be provided for the implementation and enforcement of the new laws.